Home > depression, mental health > Recognizing and Dealing with Depression (Part 2)

Recognizing and Dealing with Depression (Part 2)

This is the second of a two-part series on depression. In this blog, I will describe how depression is treated and prevented. If you or someone close to you suffers from depression, it is important to educate yourself about it and seek treatment from qualified mental health professionals.

There are three basic ways to treat depression: psychotherapy, self-help, and medication. Many people respond best to a combination of two or more methods.

1. Psychotherapy: Exploring one’s beliefs and ways of thinking, and learning new ways of
thinking and behaving, with the guidance of a professional.
2. Self-help: Exploring one’s beliefs and ways of thinking on one’s own.
3. Medication: Altering one’s brain chemistry by taking antidepressant medication.

There are four types of antidepressant medication available today:

• Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
• Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
• Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
• Structurally unrelated compounds

The TCAs and MAOIs have been used for decades. The SSRIs (such as Prozac) and structurally unrelated compounds are newer and are being prescribed more and more frequently. They have fewer and less pronounced side effects than the TCAs and MAOIs.

Treatment without Medicine

One of the leading methods for treating depression is cognitive therapy. Cognitive therapists help depressed clients feel better by identifying how faulty ways of thinking are making him or her feel bad. The client analyzes his or her thoughts and beliefs, and learns to substitute more healthy ways of thinking and believing.
Many mental health professionals believe that the ideal treatment of clinical depression is medication in conjunction with psychotherapy.

Prevention of Depression

Depression can often be prevented. It is especially important to take preventive action if you are aware that you have predisposing factors such as those mentioned in the last blog.

1. Identify your risk factors and be aware of where you are vulnerable. Each of us has unique
risk factors, such as things we were taught in our families of origin, values we have learned,
and the presence or absence of a family history of depression. Anything that has been
learned can be unlearned and replaced with something healthier.
2. Learn to manage stress. You can learn proven techniques for calming and relaxing
yourself. Consider taking a stress management class or buying a set of relaxation tapes.
3. Learn problem-solving skills. Many people who develop depression never learned
problem-solving skills. They need to develop the ability to see problems from many
viewpoints and to look for a variety of solutions.
4. Learn self-acceptance. Instead of rejecting the parts of yourself you don’t like, learn to
manage them more productively.
5. Become aware of selective perception. Observe how you generate ideas and opinions
about people and events. Remember that these are just your views, not necessarily
objective facts.
6. Focus on the future, not the past. Depressed people tend to be focused on the past. People
who set goals and focus on the future tend to be more positive about life.
7. Develop a sense of purpose. Many depressed people lack a sense of purpose or meaning.
This means they have no goals and nothing in the future drawing them forward. To prevent
depression, develop your sense of purpose and meaning.
8. Strengthen your emotional boundaries and set limits. Boundaries define your role in a
social situation. They determine how you will or won’t behave in a given situation. Having
clear, strong boundaries is empowering, while boundary violations make you feel victimized
and helpless. Setting limits means having and enforcing rules for the behaviors you expect
in a relationship.
9. Build positive and healthy relationships. Think about what you need from others in
relationships. Learn to read people and trust your instincts about which people are good for
10. Avoid isolation. Talk to others about what’s going on with you. If you keep your thoughts to
yourself, you may be unaware that your thoughts are distorted. If you share them with
another person, you can become more objective. There is power in numbers.

Signs That Professional Therapy Is Needed

1. Thinking about death or suicide. This is always dangerous and you should see a
professional therapist immediately.
2. When symptoms of depression continue for a long time, you may need professional help.
Acute responses to events are normal, but they should not last beyond a reasonable time.
3. Your ability to function is impaired by your depression. Seek help before your life situation
deteriorates to a serious level.
4. You have become so isolated that you have no one with whom to test reality. Seek
someone out to share your thoughts and feelings with.
5. Depressive symptoms have become severe.

I hope these thoughts give you a starting point to become well and healthy. God bless.

Categories: depression, mental health
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